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download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Leher Kala | Updated: November 30, London? In the next 10 minutes, etc. that is usually open at the front and the back and often not very safe to drive” And unsafe it is With no number-plate pollution control checks or insurance papers and with particularly dicey brakes the jugaads are a template for disaster but patrons hold them up as a model for rural innovation and engineering and swear by their utility “These jugaads are in complete violation of the Central Motor Vehicles Rule but even the police don’t stop them Besides they are being used by poor labourers whose livelihood depends on this” says S P Singh senior fellow at the Indian Federation of Transport Research “Given their illegal nature we don’t have a number of how many such vehicles are in use but hundreds of them ply just in the Capital” he says In Delhi jugaads are mostly concentrated in residential colonies in the east and west of the Capital and are a regular feature at the weekly markets It’s also the vehicle that links many of the farmers in the extended NCR region — in towns such as Meerut Ghaziabad Noida Faridabad Panipat Gurgaon Rohtak and Sonepat – to their markets in Delhi At his cycle repair shop in the Sector 9 market in Noida Jagdev Prasad makes wooden carts for jugaads “We just make the parts; there are six garages in east Delhi which assemble the jugaads” he says The spares he says come from the junk market in west Delhi’s Mayapuri one of Asia’s largest junk markets which houses parts of every vehicle – from bicycle to trains Prasad also mentions one “Ganja Ustaad” “a jugaad master” who has a garage in a village in east Delhi Ganja Ustaad is known specifically as the man “who makes scooteris” Down a narrow lane that has open drains on both sides Ganja Ustaad’s workshop lies between two haphazardly built two-storey buildings With a blue plastic sheet for a door and no board to mark its presence the workshop is easy to miss and that seems to be the idea “Yeh illegal hai isliye koi board nahi lagaya (This is illegal that’s why we don’t have a board)” says Ganja Ustaad’s 19-year-old son Pull the plastic sheet aside and the world of vehicles and spare parts reveals itself Three jugaads in various stages of readiness lie in the courtyard scooter spare parts are placed in heaps on one side and a jugaad cooler made from parts of a washing machine provides much needed relief from the heat Soon Ganja Ustaad enters the courtyard with a pile of Bajaj Chetak handles he has “sourced” from Mayapuri For close to 22 years the 42-year-old ran a repair shop for bicycles and jugaads but five years ago “seeing the demand for jugaad” converted his shop into a full-fledged garage for these vehicles “As my business began growing almost simultaneously I started losing hair on my head So everyone started calling me Ganja Ustaad” he smiles As he begins to fix a motor — a single- cylinder water-cooled Petteroid engine — to one of the vehicles he says “Yeh made-to-order bante hain (These are made to order) Anything goes — Chetak handle Hero Honda tyres Pulsar engine kuch bhi” The tyres and engine determine the vehicle’s price that sells for anything between Rs 12000 and 50000 The father and son take about three days to assemble a vehicle and sell about four in a month “We source the wooden carts from markets in Noida and Ghaziabad and the iron carts for heavy loads from suppliers in west Delhi” says Ganja Ustaad As his son pulls out a “chalau handle” from the scrap Ustaad with practised ease fixes the handle on to a cycle frame checks the brakes and clutch and declares them “fit” His son meanwhile places an engine under the wooden cart and shuffles the red and yellow colour wires to finally get the engine going The fuel tank which has been “locally sourced” is placed on the left side of the cart “This can take about five litres of diesel and has a mileage of 20 km” says Ganja Ustaad His son dashes out of the garage and calls out to Prahlad one of the prospective buyers for his “test drive” “This is the most important part If the customer doesn’t like the product our effort goes waste” says the 19-year-old Prahlad makes his way to the workshop climbs onto the seat for the test drive starts the engine and whooshes past a group of about 15 people who have turned up to watch the proceedings Back after five minutes he struggles to stop the vehicle at the garage but looks happy “Sahi gaadi hai ustaad (Good vehicle)” he tells Ganja Ustaad and hands him Rs 15000 So are the brakes on these vehicle a recurring problem “See the parts come from old vehicles and we try to fix them to the best of our ability but there are problems in the brake” admits Ganja UstaadIn fact ineffective brakes have been responsible for most of the accidents involving jugaad vehicles As part of research for his 2013 book Innovation and a Global Knowledge Economy in India Thomas Birtchnell a lecturer of Sustainable Communities at University of Wollongong Australia found that of 2139 cases of road traffic casualties in 72 hours at J N Medical College hospital in Aligarh 1388 per cent of pedestrian casualties were due to jugaad Mention the illegal nature of the vehicle to Ganja Ustaad and he snaps: “It gets sorted once we pay Rs 200-500 to the police” The complicity of the police is visible at almost all traffic signals where these jugaads ply “The Supreme Court orders are being openly flouted by those who ply these jugaads and those who enforce the law says S P Singh For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: PTI | Mumbai | Published: September 14 2016 9:17 pm “What you sow so shall you reap Khadse is experiencing it nowadays” the Sena said (Source: File photo) Top News Shiv Sena on Wednesday targeted former Maharashtra Revenue Minister Eknath Khadse again saying he is “reaping what he sowed” and his rehabilitation depends on the outcome of a probe conducted by agencies controlled by Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis The latest attack on Khadse who resigned in June over a slew of charges came days after he reportedly said at a function that it was the party’s faith in “breaking news” on electronic media that cost him his job “Khadse in the presence of Education Minister Vinod Tawde said despite knowing media news is not always true the party (BJP) trusted media reports and wasted 40 years of his hard work (by asking him to resign)” an editorial in Sena mouthpiece Saamana said “(Agriculture Minister) Pandurang Fundkar and (state BJP chief) Raosaheb Danve have spoken in Khadse’s favour But in the end whether one is innocent or not is established by state machinery which does not go against the orders of their political bosses” the editorial said “What you sow so shall you reap Khadse is experiencing it nowadays He was enjoying being the key person who caused the BJP-Sena alliance to break (before the 2014 Assembly polls) Little did he know his happiness would be so short lived” the Sena said Watch What Else Is Making News Only Fadnavis who also holds the Home portfolio (and has administrative control over probe agencies) knows if Khadse would be proved innocent and enjoy travelling in red beacon car once again (by becoming a minister) the ruling ally quipped In the eye of a storm over allegations of corruption including irregularities in a land deal Khadse had resigned from his ministerial post in June Khadse was considered as “number 2” in the Fadnavis Cabinet and handled some vital portfolios The BJP veteran denied the allegations and has repeatedly said the party leadership asked him to quit on the basis of unsubstantiated charges For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Ashameera Aiyappan | Chennai | Published: November 1 2017 7:00 pm Happy birthday Aishwarya Rai Bachchan: Aishwarya started her career with Mani Rathnam in the 1997 film Iruvar Related News It’s a well-known fact that Aishwarya Rai started her career with Mani Rathnam in the 1997 film Iruvar Fresh from her Miss World win landing a dual role in a Mani Rathnam film was a dream debut for the young artiste The movie wasn’t a normal project as well: Iruvar was loosely based on the lives of two of Tamil Nadu’s most popular politicos MG Ramachandran and Karunanidhi One of Aishwarya’s role was said to be based on Jayalalithaa another landmark figure in Tamil Nadu politics The movie also starred Mohanlal Prakashraj Gautami and Tabu apart from the young Aishwarya As the docile Pushpavalli and the gutsy Kalpana Aishwarya made a splash proving that she isn’t just another pretty face While Aishwarya made her debut in Bollywood in the same year her next big film was in Tamil Her third film ‘Jeans’ was with another ace director Shankar And coincidentally this role had her in two avatars as well The comic caper starring Prashanth Nasser Lakshmi and Radhika Sarathkumar was a runaway hit The film was also chosen to be India’s official entry for the Academy Awards With a perfect portrayal of a Tamil Brahmin woman Aishwarya gives a stellar performance And Vairamuthu’s verses do poetical justice to the green-eyed beauty often referred to as the world’s most beautiful woman Since Jeans Aishwarya became our 50 kg Taj Mahal thanks to Vairamuthu After Jeans the south industry didn’t see Aishwarya much barring a special appearance in a Telugu song Until cinematographer turned director Rajiv Menon’s ‘Kandukonden Kandukonden’ in 2000 Another movie with an ensemble cast Aishwarya plays the feisty poetess/singer Meenu where she’s paired against Mammootty A Tamil adaptation of Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility the movie was a massive hit becoming one of the most liked romantic comedies in the language With this movie a pattern started to appear in Aishwarya’s choices in Tamil films She picked and chose performance-driven roles not being the quintessential heroine who dances around trees While several of her movies had Tamil dubs such as Taal or Jodhaa Akbar the actor returned to the Tamil film industry as Aishwarya Rai Bachchan in 2010 with Mani Rathnam’s ‘Ravanan’ In the film which fared better in Tamil than its Hindi counterpart Aishwarya plays the elegant dance teacher Ragini Paired against Prithviraj Sukumaran the film also saw her share screen space with Chiyaan Vikram An established Bollywood name by now her presence in the movie was viewed as sort of homecoming 2010 was big year for Aishwarya in Tamil as she followed Ravanan up with one of the major blockbusters of Tamil cinema Teaming up with Shankar the actor was paired against Superstar Rajinikanth in the magnum opus Endhiran A superstar in her own right Aishwarya held her space in the film despite sharing screen space with Thalaivar Tracking Aishwarya’s movies in the South throw up a pattern to actor’s choices All the projects were helmed by established directors had a star cast had music by AR Rahman and most importantly had roles of significance for her One of the few actors who have defied age Aishwarya’s track record in Tamil has been brilliant As she celebrates her 44th birthday today it would be lovely to see our 50 kg Taj Mahal again in a regional film After all it would be homecoming again for the Mangalore beauty For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related News ‘Child deaths decreasing’ The child death audit figures have to be compiled for 2015-16 but there has been a decreasing trend, Jharkhand police teams have been searching for Singh at Patna and his paternal home in Lakhisarai. But the state boasts of a rich history — the enlightened Buddha, 2015 6:22 am Subodh Gupta with his work at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London Related News One of the biggest names in contemporary art, is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently raised pressure. lack of exercise and intake of fattening food lead to many lifestyle?

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